Er is een nieuwe PISA in Focus met een, ehm, focus op de vraag welke carrière zien jongeren voor zichzelf in wetenschappen?
Wat valt op? Rollenpatronen in denken over toekomstige jobs zijn hardnekkig en vakken in STEM zijn niet zo populair!
- On average across OECD countries, almost one in four students – whether boy or girl – expects to work in an occupation that requires further science training beyond compulsory education.
- Boys are more than twice as likely as girls to expect to work as engineers, scientists or architects; and 4.8% of boys, but only 0.4% of girls, expect to work as ICT professionals, on average across OECD countries.
- Girls are almost three times more likely than boys to expect to work as doctors, veterinarians, nurses or other health professionals.
Kortom in zowat alle landen zijn dokters van Venus, ingenieurs van Mars:
Maar hoe komt dit en wat kunnen we er volgens de OESO aan doen?
Influenced by their family and by popular culture, girls often think of scientists as men in lab coats, see computer science as a “masculine” field, and think that success in science is due to brilliance – which they often find difficult to attribute to themselves – rather than to hard work. Such stereotypes may have some truth to them, but they often discourage young women who are capable and interested in science from envisaging a number of careers in science, technology or engineering.
Schools can counter these stereotypes, and help students cultivate a more inclusive view of science, through better career information. Students should have access to information that is accurate, credible and avoids unrealistic or exaggerated portrayals of career options. Employers and educators in perceived “masculine” or “feminine” fields can also help eliminate existing stereotypes, such as by promoting awareness that computer sciences (“masculine” and “nerdy”) help solve health problems (“feminine” and “caring”), or by reaching out and establishing direct contact with students and schools. And teachers can play an important role in cultivating boys’ and girls’ interests in a diverse range of science topics.