Onderwijs in beweging: de internationalisering van doctoraats- en masterstudies

Er is een nieuwe Education Indicators in Focus brief met deze keer internationale mobiliteit als thema.

Wat valt op:

  • One in ten students at the master’s or equivalent level is an international student in OECD countries, rising to one in four at the doctoral level.
  • Almost 60% of international doctoral students in OECD countries are enrolled in science, engineering or agriculture.
  • The United States hosts 38% of international students enrolled in a programme at the doctoral level in OECD countries. Luxembourg and Switzerland host the largest proportion of international students, who make up more than half of their total doctoral students.
    internationale mobiliteit
  • International master’s and doctoral students tend to choose to study in countries investing substantial resources in research and development in tertiary educational institutions.
  • Of all international students enrolled at the master’s or doctoral level across OECD countries, the majority (53%) are from Asia, and 23% are from China alone.

Dirk Van Damme in zijn blogpost over dit rapport pleit voor meer mobiliteit en ziet daarin een belangrijke meerwaarde ook voor de ontvangende landen:

The strong country-level correlation between both sets of data suggests that doctoral students have a positive impact on the quantity and quality of scientific research in the host country. In turn, this could prompt governments to increase their R&D spending on universities. Indirectly, international students then contribute to the innovation process and the development of a research-intensive knowledge economy in the host country.

The case of Switzerland is telling. A small country in the heart of Europe that is now fiercely debating migration policy, Switzerland has opened up its universities to international researchers and doctoral students, while at the same time increasing its R&D investment. Anyone who looks at international rankings has noticed that Switzerland is rising rapidly up the global academic hierarchy. Sweden and the Netherlands are close behind. This is no coincidence.

 

 

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